LABOUR MARKET SURVEY
Introduction Labour Market Needs work is in progress to find out in detail what the 'Labour markets Needs' are in various sectors of the economy. The exercise need much care and takes time. It is also conditioned by the availability of resources.
A certain amount of work has been done with respect to the Informal Sector and Hospitality Industry. These sectors were entered first for the sake of conveniences of the survey team.
Subsequent surveys will cover Manufacturing, Construction, Mining Services, Agriculture (Plantation, small holder, hunting, forestry and logging, fishing, beekiping, poultry and animal Husbandry) Whole sale and Retail Trade and Transport (Surface and Air).
Reports will be posted as and when they are available.
1. Informal Sector Survey in Tanzania
One of the main functions of VETA as stipulated in the VET Act No.1 of 1994, is to establish a flexible Vocational Education and Training System which is capable of responding quickly to the needs and demands of the Labour Market in both the Formal and Informal sectors of the economy.
In order to map the actual needs of the Labour Market, VETA in 1997, conducted a comprehensive Labour Market survey in the Informal sector. The survey covered Mtwara, Morogoro, Tanga, Kagera, Mwanza, Mara, Kilimanjaro, Arusha, Tabora, Shinyanga, Singida, Dar es Salaam, Cost and Ruvuma regions. One of the objectives of the survey was to identify the skill requirements and intervention strategies for the Informal sector. It is, important to note that, the sample coverage however, suffices to warrant a national conclusion for the sector in the VETA context.
The concept of the informal sector is mainly used interchangeably with that of the micro-enterprise sector in the urban areas and the non-agricultural activities in the rural areas. The objectives of the studies were:
As a result of the study findings and observations, the following recommendations were therefore made:-
The overall objective of the study was to determine labour market needs for hospitality industry. Specifically the study aimed at establishing:-
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Conclusions The findings are presented here below in the form of: a) quantitative analysis and b) qualitative analysis.
The labour market information obtained has reaffirmed the importance of VET in the hospitality industry:
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