Institutional Arrangement

VETA is governed and managed by different bodies at national and zone levels.

1. The Vocational Education and Training Board (VET Board):

On establishment of VETA, a Vocational Education and Training Board was put in place to govern the whole VET system. It is a policy development organ responsible for the performance of the functions and management of the affairs of the Authority. The VET Board objectives extend to include the appointing of the Director General of VETA and establishment of Regional VET Boards which govern particular VET zones. .

The VET Board is composed of eleven members with Chairperson appointed by the President and other members appointed by the Minister responsible for Vocational Education and Training. Ten other members are appointed by the Minister upon being nominated as follows:

i. Two members to be nominated by the organisations for the time being representing employers;
ii. Two members to be nominated by trade unions movements (to represent employees);
iii. Three members to be nominated by each of the ministries responsible for industries, education, and labour;
iv. Three members to be nominated by non-governmental organisations which manage vocational education and training institutions.

Members to be nominated and appointed members of the Board shall be those who are qualified to contribute to the development of vocational education and training.

The appointed board members are expected to hold office for three years, after which they may be eligible for re-appointment.

2. Regional (Zonal) Boards:

The Regional (Zonal) Board undertake delegated obligations by the VET Board and also determine priorities of their zones. Each Regional (Zonal) VET Board comprises not more than 7 members.

Regional (Zonal) VET Boards were established to ensure that VETA services are spread all over the country. They have membership composition including representatives from key stakeholders in VET namely, A Chairman to be appointed by the VET Board; 3 members nominated by the organizations for the time being representing employers; 2 members to be nominated by trade union movements representing employees; 1 member to be nominated by the Regional Administration; 1 member to be nominated by non-governmental organization representing a training institutions.

The composition is meant to ensure that strategic interests of key stakeholders and partners in the VET system are taken on board through the Board being collectively a source of serious agenda for skills development. The Regional Director shall be Secretary to the Regional board.

Functions of the Regional (Zonal) Board

There are nine functions of the Zonal Boards which aim to achieve a cutting edge of VET provision in the zones. Boards shall:-

a) Coordinate VET activities within the Region;
b) Provide direct supervision and serve as the governing board for all vocational training centres within the region;
c) Provide guidelines and supervision on budget preparations by vocational education and training institutions within the region;
d) Evaluate budget proposals for vocational training centres managed by the authority within the region and forward the budgets to the Board;
e) Determine regional priorities for vocational education and training;
f) Authorize vocational training centres managed by the authority within the region to utilize any funds raised from fees or other activities of the centres;
g) Carry out inspection of vocational training centres according to regulations and guidelines laid down by the Board;
h) Prepare an annual reports to the National Board on training and related activities in the region;
i) Advise the National Board on any matter related to the improvement of vocational education and training in the region.

There is a VET Zonal Board for each of the Nine VETA Zones namely, Northern zone; Eastern zone; Central zone; Lake zone; Western zone; South East zone; South West zone; Dar es Salaam zone; and Highland zone.

3. Trade Advisory Committees (TACs)

Section 8 of the VET Act provides for the establishment of Trade Advisory Committees. Trade Advisory Committees with experts from the labour market are technical arms of the Board responsible for approving training standards and curriculum.


TACs are composed of not more than seven members of whom:-
a) One represents the interests of vocational education and training institutions;
b) One is a training specialist appointed by the Board;
c) Two are representatives of employers/industry;
d) Two are representatives of workers in the industries concerned;
The Board shall appoint one of their members to be the chairman of the TAC.
a) Every member of the committee shall, unless he/she sooner resigns or otherwise ceases to hold office, hold office for a period of three years and may be eligible for re- appointment;
b) Subject to any general or specific directions by the Board and subject further to the provisions of the Act or any regulations made under it, the committee may regulate its own proceedings;
c) A representative of the Director shall act as the secretary to any committee established under this section.

Responsibilities and functions

TACs are responsible for ensuring that vocational education and training programmes offered are according to the needs and demands of the employment market.

TACs perform the following functions:-

a) Advise the Board on the establishment of new vocational trades training and educational programmes or on the abolition of existing ones;
b) Assess training needs and determine standards for the area of trades the committee is covering;
c) To draw up training specifications and job description for the trades to be taught;
d) To ensure coordination with related trade training activities;
e) To approve log-books and trade testing standards for the trades related to its activities;
f) To ensure that the employment market is informed about training activities under the committees to promote placements for students; and
g) To form sub - committees to work with particular training issues as may be necessary.

Twelve (12) Trade Advisory Committees have been established for the following sectors:-

i. Mechanical
ii. Electrical
iii. Civil and Building Engineering
iv. Automotive
v. Commercial and Business support
vi. Clothing and Textile
vii. Transport
viii. Extractive Industry
ix. Printing
x. Cosmetology
xi. Agriculture and Food Processing
xii. Hospitality, and
xiii. Tourism and Travel Agency

4. The Director General

The Director General is the Chief Executive of the Authority and is directly responsible to the Board for the day to day administration of the affairs of the Authority. The Board after consultations with the Minister appoints the Director General of the Authority on such terms and conditions as the Board may determine.

5. Directorates of the Authority

Currently, VETA is managed through five (5) Directorates:

i. Directorate of Labour Market, Planning and Development;
ii. Directorate of Vocational Education and Training;
iii. Directorate of Assessment and Certification;
iv. Directorate of Human Resources and Administration and;
v. Directorate of Finance;

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